Classical biological control, i.e., the introduction of natural enemies from an invasive pest’s area of origin, has been proposed
repeatedly to control the spotted wing drosophila Drosophila suzukii in the Americas and in Europe. Results from surveys in
Asia and laboratory experiments suggest the parasitoid G1 Ganaspis cf. brasiliensis as a suitable biological control agent.
To study the host specifcity of the parasitoid under semi-feld conditions, we conducted large-arena feld cage releases.
Parasitoids were released into cages at three dates in August 2021 in two regions of Switzerland. Released parasitoids had
the choice to parasitize either D. suzukii larvae in fresh fruits (blueberries or elderberries) or the non-target native species D.
melanogaster in decomposing fruits. The results were unequivocal in that apparent parasitism of D. suzukii larvae feeding in
fresh fruits was on average 15%, whereas only one parasitoid emerged from D. melanogaster feeding on decomposing fruits
(0.02% parasitism). Thus, the results support fndings from previous laboratory experiments that G1 G. cf. brasiliensis is
highly specifc to D. suzukii larvae feeding in fresh fruits and parasitism of the closely related D. melanogaster feeding on
decomposing fruits is very rare. Because in its invaded range, D. suzukii is the only Drosophila species that can attack and
develop in undamaged fresh fruits, we conclude that open feld releases of the parasitoid G1 G. cf. brasiliensis should not
pose signifcant risks to non-targets.