Histamine formation by four histaminogenic Lactobacillus parabuchneri strains in experimental cheeses was investigated. Firstly, Raclette cheeses were manufactured from pasteurised milk inoculated with different levels of selected L. parabuchneri strains ranging from 101 to 104 cfu mL1. Secondly, cheeses were produced using four different curd cooking conditions (20 min at temperatures of 44e56 C) to study survival of L. parabuchneri strains. The growth of L. parabuchneri during cheese ripening and the
formation of biogenic amines was monitored using a species-specific qPCR assay and HPLC, respectively. The spoilage threshold in cheese milk was very low, at about 101-102 cfu mL1. Up to 992 mg of histamine kg-1 was accumulated in the cheeses within 180 days. L. parabuchneri proved to be a rather heattolerant species; however, heating at 56 °C for 20 min proved to be sufficient to inactivate L. parabuchneri and thus to prevent histamine formation.